Do you want to discover with us one of the great mysteries of archeology? We refer to the Nazca lines, enigmatic lines created on the surface of an arid Peruvian desert by the Nazca civilization about 1500 years ago. As you can see for yourself in the gallery, in this network of lines different figures are intuited, yes, only from the air, since these drawings can only be seen in their entirety if viewed from the sky. It is precisely this reason that has raised many unknowns about what the intentions of this civilization were and, of course, about the ability of those who made them.
Do you want to discover more details about one of the great riddles of all times? Well, be very attentive to what we tell you next!
Declared a World Heritage Site by the Unesco in 1994, this network of white lines, among which figures are intuited, is located 400 kilometers south of Lima, capital of Peru, in the province of Nazca. They occupy an area of about 750 square kilometers and comprise the Pampas of Nazca, Palpa, Ingenio and Socos.
As we have just mentioned, some figures are intuited in the Nazca lines. In fact, it is possible to contemplate from forms with a human appearance, even with the form of animals. There is also no lack of drawings with vegetal and geometric shapes. In addition, there are others that are simply lines, although many of them point to astronomical landmarks and others to hills observable from the pampa. To carry them out, the architects took advantage of the conditions geological and climatic of the place. And we are talking about an area in which it hardly rains (it is said that it rains half an hour every two years), and in which, thanks to the wind and the mineral wealth of the soil, a thin dark crust was created that, being removed, clearly contrasts with the subfloor. Thus, we see how the light lines stand out against the dark background.
As we have also mentioned before, these lines can only be observed completely from the sky. Therefore, when discovered, it was believed that the architects should have knowledge mathematicians. Thus, in the middle of the 20th century, Maria Reiche, a renowned German mathematician, was asked to study these lines. To better investigate, the scientist moved to a house in the pampas and went through every inch of this enigmatic place. And although he had to leave his home in 1998 against his will, he soon returned. In fact, this is where his mortal remains rest. The German supported the thesis that the lines represented a calendar. According to his theory, the inhabitants of the place used these drawings to know when each season began and, thus, to know when was the best time to harvest.
This is not the only theory of the origin of these lines. Other scholars claim that the drawings are a tribute to the water gods. And why are they only observed from the air? Well, some experts assure that gods who worshiped the Nazca civilization had the ability to become birds and fly. In fact, ceramics have been found with drawings of winged gods and others that, despite not having wings, are in a clear flight position. Of course, there are also those who say that the lines were made by aliens or by people who came from the future.
Then we leave you with our Gallery, where you can see more images of the Nazca Lines of Peru. Do not miss it!
New Nazca Lines Found in Peru | Ancient Architects (September 2020)