The Arctic it is the region surrounding the North Pole. It is neither a country nor a continent. It is an ocean known as the Arctic Ocean, which is surrounded by large continental land masses and islands. The central area of the Arctic Ocean is covered by ice throughout the year and most of the land in the region is ice. Also, they are covered in snow for most of the year.
Some parts of Canada, Greenland, Russia, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and the USA, are within the Arctic region. Despite the fact that the Inuit have been traveling and exploring the Arctic region for thousands of years, mainly in search of food and supplies, the region was "discovered" in 1800 by European explorers who were looking for a new route from the Northwest to the East.
The word arctic comes from a Greek word that refers to the constellation Ursa Major. The dimensions Exact or arctic region boundaries are not exact. Some sources claim that the region covers around 7 million square kilometers. In general, the southern limit of the region is considered to be the Arctic Circle. This is a line imaginary located to the north.
Some are produced in the area phenomena impressive solar, such as: the midnight sun (the sun never sets) and the polar night (the sun does not rise). The midnight sun occurs on the longest day of the year, known as the summer solstice (generally June 21), while the polar night occurs on the shortest day of the year, the solstice of winter (generally December 21).
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