At the top of a hill in Greece overlooking the city of Athens are the ruins of this splendid temple. This famous temple is known as the Parthenon and is located in an area called Acropolis. The Acropolis became the religious center of ancient Athens. The Greeks built the Parthenon in honor of Athena Parthenos, the pagan goddess of Athens. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom.
In 400 a. C. the people of Athens built several temples on its Acropolis. Precious temples include the Parthenon, Propylaea, the Temple of Athena, and the Temple of Erechtheion. An Englishman called Lord elgin He visited Athens and decided to send some sculptures from the Parthenon to England. Today they can be seen in the British museum. Other treasures from different temples can be seen at the Acropolis Museum in Athens.
The Acropolis has some 200 feet of height and in the year 300 a. C. was used as a great strength. When the enemies attacked, the people went to the fortress. Later, the Athenians decided to build walls around their city to protect and they stopped using the fortress. Thus they began to build the beautiful temples.
The Parthenon is the higher Acropolis temple and is considered the most beautiful. It is made up 8 columns at each end and 15 along each side. All this thought to house the immense statue of the goddess Athena that measured 12 meters high.
Exploring ATHENS, GREECE: Walking to the Acropolis (August 2020)